How Saint Patrick’s day is Celebrated in Ireland: A Guide

Here’s a question how is Saint Patrick’s Day celebrated in Ireland? comes off. Well, to answer this first let us know about the day. Saint Patrick’s Day, a cultural and religious holiday celebrated annually on the 17th of March, is a significant event in the Irish calendar.

This day is filled with parades, wearing green attire, and public celebrations, commemorating the death of Saint Patrick, the primary patron saint of Ireland. This blog post will explain how Saint Patrick’s Day is celebrated in Ireland.

Historical Significance of St Patrick’s Day

This day, which falls during the Christian season of Lent, holds immense historical significance. It is a day of remembrance for Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, and his contributions to the country.

During the Lenten season, Irish families traditionally attended church in the morning and celebrated in the afternoon. The Lenten prohibitions against meat consumption waived on this day allow the Irish to indulge in feasting.

On this day, waiving the Lenten prohibitions against meat consumption enabled the Irish to indulge in feasting. Symbolizing the breaking of Lenten fasting rules, people commonly served the traditional Irish bacon and cabbage meal.

The historical significance of Saint Patrick’s Day extends beyond Ireland to other parts of the world. Today, many countries around the globe celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day, thanks to the traditions carried by Irish immigrants. The day serves as a symbol of Irish heritage and culture, allowing the Irish diaspora to connect with their roots.

Saint Patrick: The Man Behind the Holiday

Saint Patrick, the man behind the holiday, was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. He was born in Roman Britain in the late fourth century and is hailed as the primary patron saint of Ireland. At the age of 16, kidnappers took him to Ireland as a slave. He spent six years there, working as a shepherd, during which he found comfort in his faith.

According to his Confession, a religious text written by Patrick himself, he had a dream in which God told him to leave Ireland. He escaped and returned to his family in Britain. However, he had another dream in which the people of Ireland called out to him to return and walk among them once more.

Saint Patrick converted the Irish to Christianity and established monasteries, churches, and schools. To explain the concept of the Holy Trinity to the Irish people, he used the three-leaved shamrock. This is why the shamrock has become a significant symbol associated with Saint Patrick’s Day.

Initially, Patrick faced resistance in his efforts to convert the Irish to Christianity. Despite this, he persevered and managed to win the favor of local kings and chieftains. This support aided him in his mission. He baptized thousands of people and ordained priests to lead the new Christian communities.

On the 17th of March, 461 AD, Patrick passed away. However, as centuries passed, myths and legends about his life grew.

The Grand Parades

One of the most significant parts of Saint Patrick’s Day celebrations in Ireland is the grand parade. The streets of Dublin, Ireland’s capital, filled with floats, performers, and marching bands, provide a visual treat for the locals and tourists alike. The parade, which draws participants from various parts of the world, is a vibrant display of Irish culture and heritage.

The Evolution of the Parade

The first Saint Patrick’s Day parade took place not in Ireland but in the United States. Irish soldiers serving in the English military marched through New York City on March 17, 1762. Along with their music, the parade helped the soldiers reconnect with their Irish roots, as well as fellow Irishmen serving in the English army.

Wearing of the Green

On Saint Patrick’s Day, you’ll see a sea of green across Ireland. The tradition of wearing green comes from the belief that it makes one invisible to leprechauns, who would pinch anyone they could see. To avoid getting pinched, people began to wear green clothing and accessories. Today, this tradition has evolved into a fun practice that adds to the festive spirit of the day.

The Symbolism of Green

The color green has a deep historical and cultural significance in Ireland. The lush green landscapes of the country associate it with Ireland’s nickname, “The Emerald Isle.” The green in the Irish flag represents the Catholic majority, while the orange represents the Protestant minority. The white in the center signifies a lasting peace between the two.

Public Celebrations and Festivities

Saint Patrick’s Day in Ireland is not just about parades and wearing green. It’s a day of celebration that brings together people of all ages. Music and dance form an integral part of the festivities. Traditional Irish music sessions and dance performances are held publicly, and pubs and restaurants are abuzz with activity. This is how Saint Patrick’s Day is celebrated in Ireland.

Traditional Irish Music and Dance

Music is at the heart of Irish culture, and Saint Patrick’s Day celebrations. It provides a great opportunity to experience this first-hand. Traditional Irish music, also known as “trad,” is often played at pubs and gatherings. Instruments commonly used include the fiddle, the bodhrán (a type of drum), the uilleann pipes (similar to bagpipes), and the tin whistle.

A Day for the Irish Diaspora

Saint Patrick’s Day serves as a significant connection for the Irish diaspora spread across the globe. It’s a day when Irish people, no matter where they are, can celebrate their roots and feel a sense of belonging to their home country. The global celebrations of Saint Patrick’s Day highlight the reach of Irish culture and the strong bonds that the Irish have with their homeland.

The Global Irish Community

The Irish diaspora refers to Irish people and their descendants who live outside Ireland. This community is estimated to be around 70 million people. It is more than fourteen times the population of Ireland itself.

These individuals, whether they’re first-generation immigrants or have Irish ancestry dating back generations, maintain a strong connection to their Irish heritage.

Saint Patrick’s Day provides an opportunity for this global Irish community to come together in celebration. From New York to Sydney, Tokyo to Buenos Aires, Irish communities around the world host parades, festivals, and other events to celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day.

These celebrations help keep Irish traditions alive and allow the diaspora to share their rich culture with their adopted homelands.

Celebrating Irish Heritage

For the Irish diaspora, Saint Patrick’s Day is not just about honoring Saint Patrick. It’s also about celebrating Irish heritage and history. It’s a day to remember the hardships faced by previous generations, the contributions they’ve made to their new homes, and the enduring spirit of the Irish people.

Many Irish emigrants left their homeland due to famine, poverty, or political unrest, seeking better opportunities abroad. They worked hard to build new lives, often facing discrimination and hardship in their adopted countries. Despite these challenges, they made significant contributions to their new societies in fields such as politics, business, arts, and more.

On Saint Patrick’s Day, the Irish diaspora honors these ancestors and their struggles. They celebrate the resilience, determination, and spirit of the Irish people. These qualities have helped them overcome adversity and thrive in their new homes.

Connecting with the Homeland

Saint Patrick’s Day also serves as a link to the homeland for the Irish diaspora. It’s a day when they can engage with Irish culture, connect with other members of the Irish community, and pass on their heritage to younger generations. Many use this day to teach their children about their Irish roots, keeping the connection to Ireland alive.

In recent years, with the advent of digital technology, many members of the Irish diaspora are using Saint Patrick’s Day to connect directly with Ireland. They watch live streams of the Dublin parade and send greetings to relatives back in Ireland. Hence, they engage with Irish culture through music, dance, and online content.

Related Post

  1. How Saint Patrick’s Day Started
  2. Saint Patrick: Who was he?
  3. Do Other Countries Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day?


Saint Patrick’s Day is a true reflection of Irish culture and spirit. The celebrations in Ireland are a unique blend of religious observance, historical traditions, and modern festivities. Whether it’s the grand parade, the wearing of green, or the public celebrations, Saint Patrick’s Day in Ireland is a memorable experience that leaves a lasting impression.

Remember, Saint Patrick’s Day is not just a day in Ireland, it’s an experience. So, the next time you’re planning a trip to Ireland, try to know how Saint Patrick’s Day is celebrated in Ireland. You’ll be in for a treat!